The Paris Agreement on climate change, adopted in 2015, recognizes the importance of agriculture in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. The agreement specifically acknowledges the need for sustainable agriculture practices, as well as the role of forests, land-use changes, and other ecosystems in reducing emissions and supporting resilience.
Agriculture is responsible for around 14% of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This includes emissions from livestock, fertilizers, and soil management practices. However, agriculture also has the potential to be part of the solution to reducing emissions. For example, practices such as conservation agriculture, agroforestry, and precision farming can improve soil health, sequester carbon, and reduce emissions.
The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of technical and financial support to help developing countries adopt sustainable agriculture practices. This includes funding for research and development, capacity-building, and technology transfer, as well as financial assistance for adaptation measures.
In addition to mitigation measures, the Paris Agreement also highlights the need for adaptation strategies to help agriculture and rural communities cope with the impacts of climate change. These include measures such as crop diversification, improved water management, and the use of drought-resistant crops.
The agriculture sector is also important for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations, particularly in terms of reducing poverty, improving food security, and promoting sustainable development. The Paris Agreement recognizes the need to incorporate sustainable development into climate action, and agriculture is a key component of this.
Overall, the Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of agriculture in both mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. Sustainable agriculture practices are essential for achieving these goals, and technical and financial support is needed to help developing countries adopt these practices. By working together, the global community can build a more sustainable and resilient future for agriculture and rural communities around the world.